Vectors

Vectors — Functions for handling single precision float vectors.

Description

This exposes a utility API that can be used for basic manipulation of 3 component float vectors.

Functions

cogl_vector3_init ()

void
cogl_vector3_init (float *vector,
                   float x,
                   float y,
                   float z);

Initializes a 3 component, single precision float vector which can then be manipulated with the cogl_vector convenience APIs. Vectors can also be used in places where a "point" is often desired.

Parameters

vector

The 3 component vector you want to initialize

 

x

The x component

 

y

The y component

 

z

The z component

 

Since: 1.4

Stability Level: Unstable


cogl_vector3_init_zero ()

void
cogl_vector3_init_zero (float *vector);

Initializes a 3 component, single precision float vector with zero for each component.

Parameters

vector

The 3 component vector you want to initialize

 

Since: 1.4

Stability Level: Unstable


cogl_vector3_equal ()

CoglBool
cogl_vector3_equal (const void *v1,
                    const void *v2);

Compares the components of two vectors and returns TRUE if they are the same.

The comparison of the components is done with the '==' operator such that -0 is considered equal to 0, but otherwise there is no fuzziness such as an epsilon to consider vectors that are essentially identical except for some minor precision error differences due to the way they have been manipulated.

Parameters

v1

The first 3 component vector you want to compare

 

v2

The second 3 component vector you want to compare

 

Returns

TRUE if the vectors are equal else FALSE.

Since: 1.4

Stability Level: Unstable


cogl_vector3_equal_with_epsilon ()

CoglBool
cogl_vector3_equal_with_epsilon (const float *vector0,
                                 const float *vector1,
                                 float epsilon);

Compares the components of two vectors using the given epsilon and returns TRUE if they are the same, using an internal epsilon for comparing the floats.

Each component is compared against the epsilon value in this way:

1
if (fabsf (vector0->x - vector1->x) < epsilon)

Parameters

vector0

The first 3 component vector you want to compare

 

vector1

The second 3 component vector you want to compare

 

epsilon

The allowable difference between components to still be considered equal

 

Returns

TRUE if the vectors are equal else FALSE.

Since: 1.4

Stability Level: Unstable


cogl_vector3_copy ()

float *
cogl_vector3_copy (const float *vector);

Allocates a new 3 component float vector on the heap initializing the components from the given vector and returns a pointer to the newly allocated vector. You should free the memory using cogl_vector3_free()

Parameters

vector

The 3 component vector you want to copy

 

Returns

A newly allocated 3 component float vector

Since: 1.4

Stability Level: Unstable


cogl_vector3_free ()

void
cogl_vector3_free (float *vector);

Frees a 3 component vector that was previously allocated with cogl_vector3_copy()

Parameters

vector

The 3 component you want to free

 

Since: 1.4

Stability Level: Unstable


cogl_vector3_invert ()

void
cogl_vector3_invert (float *vector);

Inverts/negates all the components of the given vector .

Parameters

vector

The 3 component vector you want to manipulate

 

Since: 1.4

Stability Level: Unstable


cogl_vector3_add ()

void
cogl_vector3_add (float *result,
                  const float *a,
                  const float *b);

Adds each of the corresponding components in vectors a and b storing the results in result .

Parameters

result

Where you want the result written

 

a

The first vector operand

 

b

The second vector operand

 

Since: 1.4

Stability Level: Unstable


cogl_vector3_subtract ()

void
cogl_vector3_subtract (float *result,
                       const float *a,
                       const float *b);

Subtracts each of the corresponding components in vector b from a storing the results in result .

Parameters

result

Where you want the result written

 

a

The first vector operand

 

b

The second vector operand

 

Since: 1.4

Stability Level: Unstable


cogl_vector3_multiply_scalar ()

void
cogl_vector3_multiply_scalar (float *vector,
                              float scalar);

Multiplies each of the vector components by the given scalar.

Parameters

vector

The 3 component vector you want to manipulate

 

scalar

The scalar you want to multiply the vector components by

 

Since: 1.4

Stability Level: Unstable


cogl_vector3_divide_scalar ()

void
cogl_vector3_divide_scalar (float *vector,
                            float scalar);

Divides each of the vector components by the given scalar.

Parameters

vector

The 3 component vector you want to manipulate

 

scalar

The scalar you want to divide the vector components by

 

Since: 1.4

Stability Level: Unstable


cogl_vector3_normalize ()

void
cogl_vector3_normalize (float *vector);

Updates the vector so it is a "unit vector" such that the vector s magnitude or length is equal to 1.

It's safe to use this function with the [0, 0, 0] vector, it will not try to divide components by 0 (its norm) and will leave the vector untouched.

Parameters

vector

The 3 component vector you want to manipulate

 

Since: 1.4

Stability Level: Unstable


cogl_vector3_magnitude ()

float
cogl_vector3_magnitude (const float *vector);

Calculates the scalar magnitude or length of vector .

Parameters

vector

The 3 component vector you want the magnitude for

 

Returns

The magnitude of vector .

Since: 1.4

Stability Level: Unstable


cogl_vector3_cross_product ()

void
cogl_vector3_cross_product (float *result,
                            const float *u,
                            const float *v);

Calculates the cross product between the two vectors u and v .

The cross product is a vector perpendicular to both u and v . This can be useful for calculating the normal of a polygon by creating two vectors in its plane using the polygons vertices and taking their cross product.

If the two vectors are parallel then the cross product is 0.

You can use a right hand rule to determine which direction the perpendicular vector will point: If you place the two vectors tail, to tail and imagine grabbing the perpendicular line that extends through the common tail with your right hand such that you fingers rotate in the direction from u to v then the resulting vector points along your extended thumb.

Parameters

result

Where you want the result written

 

u

Your first 3 component vector

 

v

Your second 3 component vector

 

Returns

The cross product between two vectors u and v .

Since: 1.4

Stability Level: Unstable


cogl_vector3_dot_product ()

float
cogl_vector3_dot_product (const float *a,
                          const float *b);

Calculates the dot product of the two 3 component vectors. This can be used to determine the magnitude of one vector projected onto another. (for example a surface normal)

For example if you have a polygon with a given normal vector and some other point for which you want to calculate its distance from the polygon, you can create a vector between one of the polygon vertices and that point and use the dot product to calculate the magnitude for that vector but projected onto the normal of the polygon. This way you don't just get the distance from the point to the edge of the polygon you get the distance from the point to the nearest part of the polygon.

If you don't use a unit length normal in the above example then you would then also have to divide the result by the magnitude of the normal

The dot product is calculated as:

1
(a->x * b->x + a->y * b->y + a->z * b->z)

For reference, the dot product can also be calculated from the angle between two vectors as:

1
|a||b|cos𝜃

Parameters

a

Your first 3 component vector

 

b

Your second 3 component vector

 

Returns

The dot product of two vectors.

Since: 1.4

Stability Level: Unstable


cogl_vector3_distance ()

float
cogl_vector3_distance (const float *a,
                       const float *b);

If you consider the two given vectors as (x,y,z) points instead then this will compute the distance between those two points.

Parameters

a

The first point

 

b

The second point

 

Returns

The distance between two points given as 3 component vectors.

Since: 1.4

Stability Level: Unstable

Types and Values