Hash Tables

Hash Tables — associations between keys and values so that given a key the value can be found quickly

Types and Values

Includes

#include <glib.h>

Description

A GHashTable provides associations between keys and values which is optimized so that given a key, the associated value can be found very quickly.

Note that neither keys nor values are copied when inserted into the GHashTable, so they must exist for the lifetime of the GHashTable. This means that the use of static strings is OK, but temporary strings (i.e. those created in buffers and those returned by GTK+ widgets) should be copied with g_strdup() before being inserted.

If keys or values are dynamically allocated, you must be careful to ensure that they are freed when they are removed from the GHashTable, and also when they are overwritten by new insertions into the GHashTable. It is also not advisable to mix static strings and dynamically-allocated strings in a GHashTable, because it then becomes difficult to determine whether the string should be freed.

To create a GHashTable, use g_hash_table_new().

To insert a key and value into a GHashTable, use g_hash_table_insert().

To lookup a value corresponding to a given key, use g_hash_table_lookup() and g_hash_table_lookup_extended().

g_hash_table_lookup_extended() can also be used to simply check if a key is present in the hash table.

To remove a key and value, use g_hash_table_remove().

To call a function for each key and value pair use g_hash_table_foreach() or use a iterator to iterate over the key/value pairs in the hash table, see GHashTableIter.

To destroy a GHashTable use g_hash_table_destroy().

A common use-case for hash tables is to store information about a set of keys, without associating any particular value with each key. GHashTable optimizes one way of doing so: If you store only key-value pairs where key == value, then GHashTable does not allocate memory to store the values, which can be a considerable space saving, if your set is large. The functions g_hash_table_add() and g_hash_table_contains() are designed to be used when using GHashTable this way.

Functions

g_hash_table_new ()

GHashTable *
g_hash_table_new (GHashFunc hash_func,
                  GEqualFunc key_equal_func);

Creates a new GHashTable with a reference count of 1.

Hash values returned by hash_func are used to determine where keys are stored within the GHashTable data structure. The g_direct_hash(), g_int_hash(), g_int64_hash(), g_double_hash() and g_str_hash() functions are provided for some common types of keys. If hash_func is NULL, g_direct_hash() is used.

key_equal_func is used when looking up keys in the GHashTable. The g_direct_equal(), g_int_equal(), g_int64_equal(), g_double_equal() and g_str_equal() functions are provided for the most common types of keys. If key_equal_func is NULL, keys are compared directly in a similar fashion to g_direct_equal(), but without the overhead of a function call.

Parameters

hash_func

a function to create a hash value from a key

 

key_equal_func

a function to check two keys for equality

 

Returns

a new GHashTable


g_hash_table_new_full ()

GHashTable *
g_hash_table_new_full (GHashFunc hash_func,
                       GEqualFunc key_equal_func,
                       GDestroyNotify key_destroy_func,
                       GDestroyNotify value_destroy_func);

Creates a new GHashTable like g_hash_table_new() with a reference count of 1 and allows to specify functions to free the memory allocated for the key and value that get called when removing the entry from the GHashTable.

Since version 2.42 it is permissible for destroy notify functions to recursively remove further items from the hash table. This is only permissible if the application still holds a reference to the hash table. This means that you may need to ensure that the hash table is empty by calling g_hash_table_remove_all before releasing the last reference using g_hash_table_unref().

Parameters

hash_func

a function to create a hash value from a key

 

key_equal_func

a function to check two keys for equality

 

key_destroy_func

a function to free the memory allocated for the key used when removing the entry from the GHashTable, or NULL if you don't want to supply such a function.

[nullable]

value_destroy_func

a function to free the memory allocated for the value used when removing the entry from the GHashTable, or NULL if you don't want to supply such a function.

[nullable]

Returns

a new GHashTable


GHashFunc ()

guint
(*GHashFunc) (gconstpointer key);

Specifies the type of the hash function which is passed to g_hash_table_new() when a GHashTable is created.

The function is passed a key and should return a guint hash value. The functions g_direct_hash(), g_int_hash() and g_str_hash() provide hash functions which can be used when the key is a gpointer, gint*, and gchar* respectively.

g_direct_hash() is also the appropriate hash function for keys of the form GINT_TO_POINTER (n) (or similar macros).

<!-- FIXME: Need more here. --> A good hash functions should produce hash values that are evenly distributed over a fairly large range. The modulus is taken with the hash table size (a prime number) to find the 'bucket' to place each key into. The function should also be very fast, since it is called for each key lookup.

Note that the hash functions provided by GLib have these qualities, but are not particularly robust against manufactured keys that cause hash collisions. Therefore, you should consider choosing a more secure hash function when using a GHashTable with keys that originate in untrusted data (such as HTTP requests). Using g_str_hash() in that situation might make your application vulerable to Algorithmic Complexity Attacks.

The key to choosing a good hash is unpredictability. Even cryptographic hashes are very easy to find collisions for when the remainder is taken modulo a somewhat predictable prime number. There must be an element of randomness that an attacker is unable to guess.

Parameters

key

a key

 

Returns

the hash value corresponding to the key


GEqualFunc ()

gboolean
(*GEqualFunc) (gconstpointer a,
               gconstpointer b);

Specifies the type of a function used to test two values for equality. The function should return TRUE if both values are equal and FALSE otherwise.

Parameters

a

a value

 

b

a value to compare with

 

Returns

TRUE if a = b ; FALSE otherwise


g_hash_table_insert ()

gboolean
g_hash_table_insert (GHashTable *hash_table,
                     gpointer key,
                     gpointer value);

Inserts a new key and value into a GHashTable.

If the key already exists in the GHashTable its current value is replaced with the new value. If you supplied a value_destroy_func when creating the GHashTable, the old value is freed using that function. If you supplied a key_destroy_func when creating the GHashTable, the passed key is freed using that function.

Parameters

hash_table

a GHashTable

 

key

a key to insert

 

value

the value to associate with the key

 

Returns

TRUE if the key did not exist yet


g_hash_table_replace ()

gboolean
g_hash_table_replace (GHashTable *hash_table,
                      gpointer key,
                      gpointer value);

Inserts a new key and value into a GHashTable similar to g_hash_table_insert(). The difference is that if the key already exists in the GHashTable, it gets replaced by the new key. If you supplied a value_destroy_func when creating the GHashTable, the old value is freed using that function. If you supplied a key_destroy_func when creating the GHashTable, the old key is freed using that function.

Parameters

hash_table

a GHashTable

 

key

a key to insert

 

value

the value to associate with the key

 

Returns

TRUE if the key did not exist yet


g_hash_table_add ()

gboolean
g_hash_table_add (GHashTable *hash_table,
                  gpointer key);

This is a convenience function for using a GHashTable as a set. It is equivalent to calling g_hash_table_replace() with key as both the key and the value.

When a hash table only ever contains keys that have themselves as the corresponding value it is able to be stored more efficiently. See the discussion in the section description.

Parameters

hash_table

a GHashTable

 

key

a key to insert

 

Returns

TRUE if the key did not exist yet

Since: 2.32


g_hash_table_contains ()

gboolean
g_hash_table_contains (GHashTable *hash_table,
                       gconstpointer key);

Checks if key is in hash_table .

Parameters

hash_table

a GHashTable

 

key

a key to check

 

Returns

TRUE if key is in hash_table , FALSE otherwise.

Since: 2.32


g_hash_table_size ()

guint
g_hash_table_size (GHashTable *hash_table);

Returns the number of elements contained in the GHashTable.

Parameters

hash_table

a GHashTable

 

Returns

the number of key/value pairs in the GHashTable.


g_hash_table_lookup ()

gpointer
g_hash_table_lookup (GHashTable *hash_table,
                     gconstpointer key);

Looks up a key in a GHashTable. Note that this function cannot distinguish between a key that is not present and one which is present and has the value NULL. If you need this distinction, use g_hash_table_lookup_extended().

Parameters

hash_table

a GHashTable

 

key

the key to look up

 

Returns

the associated value, or NULL if the key is not found.

[nullable]


g_hash_table_lookup_extended ()

gboolean
g_hash_table_lookup_extended (GHashTable *hash_table,
                              gconstpointer lookup_key,
                              gpointer *orig_key,
                              gpointer *value);

Looks up a key in the GHashTable, returning the original key and the associated value and a gboolean which is TRUE if the key was found. This is useful if you need to free the memory allocated for the original key, for example before calling g_hash_table_remove().

You can actually pass NULL for lookup_key to test whether the NULL key exists, provided the hash and equal functions of hash_table are NULL-safe.

Parameters

hash_table

a GHashTable

 

lookup_key

the key to look up

 

orig_key

return location for the original key.

[out][optional][nullable]

value

return location for the value associated with the key.

[out][optional][nullable]

Returns

TRUE if the key was found in the GHashTable


g_hash_table_foreach ()

void
g_hash_table_foreach (GHashTable *hash_table,
                      GHFunc func,
                      gpointer user_data);

Calls the given function for each of the key/value pairs in the GHashTable. The function is passed the key and value of each pair, and the given user_data parameter. The hash table may not be modified while iterating over it (you can't add/remove items). To remove all items matching a predicate, use g_hash_table_foreach_remove().

See g_hash_table_find() for performance caveats for linear order searches in contrast to g_hash_table_lookup().

Parameters

hash_table

a GHashTable

 

func

the function to call for each key/value pair

 

user_data

user data to pass to the function

 

g_hash_table_find ()

gpointer
g_hash_table_find (GHashTable *hash_table,
                   GHRFunc predicate,
                   gpointer user_data);

Calls the given function for key/value pairs in the GHashTable until predicate returns TRUE. The function is passed the key and value of each pair, and the given user_data parameter. The hash table may not be modified while iterating over it (you can't add/remove items).

Note, that hash tables are really only optimized for forward lookups, i.e. g_hash_table_lookup(). So code that frequently issues g_hash_table_find() or g_hash_table_foreach() (e.g. in the order of once per every entry in a hash table) should probably be reworked to use additional or different data structures for reverse lookups (keep in mind that an O(n) find/foreach operation issued for all n values in a hash table ends up needing O(n*n) operations).

Parameters

hash_table

a GHashTable

 

predicate

function to test the key/value pairs for a certain property

 

user_data

user data to pass to the function

 

Returns

The value of the first key/value pair is returned, for which predicate evaluates to TRUE. If no pair with the requested property is found, NULL is returned.

[nullable]

Since: 2.4


GHFunc ()

void
(*GHFunc) (gpointer key,
           gpointer value,
           gpointer user_data);

Specifies the type of the function passed to g_hash_table_foreach(). It is called with each key/value pair, together with the user_data parameter which is passed to g_hash_table_foreach().

Parameters

key

a key

 

value

the value corresponding to the key

 

user_data

user data passed to g_hash_table_foreach()

 

g_hash_table_remove ()

gboolean
g_hash_table_remove (GHashTable *hash_table,
                     gconstpointer key);

Removes a key and its associated value from a GHashTable.

If the GHashTable was created using g_hash_table_new_full(), the key and value are freed using the supplied destroy functions, otherwise you have to make sure that any dynamically allocated values are freed yourself.

Parameters

hash_table

a GHashTable

 

key

the key to remove

 

Returns

TRUE if the key was found and removed from the GHashTable


g_hash_table_steal ()

gboolean
g_hash_table_steal (GHashTable *hash_table,
                    gconstpointer key);

Removes a key and its associated value from a GHashTable without calling the key and value destroy functions.

Parameters

hash_table

a GHashTable

 

key

the key to remove

 

Returns

TRUE if the key was found and removed from the GHashTable


g_hash_table_foreach_remove ()

guint
g_hash_table_foreach_remove (GHashTable *hash_table,
                             GHRFunc func,
                             gpointer user_data);

Calls the given function for each key/value pair in the GHashTable. If the function returns TRUE, then the key/value pair is removed from the GHashTable. If you supplied key or value destroy functions when creating the GHashTable, they are used to free the memory allocated for the removed keys and values.

See GHashTableIter for an alternative way to loop over the key/value pairs in the hash table.

Parameters

hash_table

a GHashTable

 

func

the function to call for each key/value pair

 

user_data

user data to pass to the function

 

Returns

the number of key/value pairs removed


g_hash_table_foreach_steal ()

guint
g_hash_table_foreach_steal (GHashTable *hash_table,
                            GHRFunc func,
                            gpointer user_data);

Calls the given function for each key/value pair in the GHashTable. If the function returns TRUE, then the key/value pair is removed from the GHashTable, but no key or value destroy functions are called.

See GHashTableIter for an alternative way to loop over the key/value pairs in the hash table.

Parameters

hash_table

a GHashTable

 

func

the function to call for each key/value pair

 

user_data

user data to pass to the function

 

Returns

the number of key/value pairs removed.


g_hash_table_remove_all ()

void
g_hash_table_remove_all (GHashTable *hash_table);

Removes all keys and their associated values from a GHashTable.

If the GHashTable was created using g_hash_table_new_full(), the keys and values are freed using the supplied destroy functions, otherwise you have to make sure that any dynamically allocated values are freed yourself.

Parameters

hash_table

a GHashTable

 

Since: 2.12


g_hash_table_steal_all ()

void
g_hash_table_steal_all (GHashTable *hash_table);

Removes all keys and their associated values from a GHashTable without calling the key and value destroy functions.

Parameters

hash_table

a GHashTable

 

Since: 2.12


g_hash_table_get_keys ()

GList *
g_hash_table_get_keys (GHashTable *hash_table);

Retrieves every key inside hash_table . The returned data is valid until changes to the hash release those keys.

This iterates over every entry in the hash table to build its return value. To iterate over the entries in a GHashTable more efficiently, use a GHashTableIter.

Parameters

hash_table

a GHashTable

 

Returns

a GList containing all the keys inside the hash table. The content of the list is owned by the hash table and should not be modified or freed. Use g_list_free() when done using the list.

[transfer container]

Since: 2.14


g_hash_table_get_values ()

GList *
g_hash_table_get_values (GHashTable *hash_table);

Retrieves every value inside hash_table . The returned data is valid until hash_table is modified.

This iterates over every entry in the hash table to build its return value. To iterate over the entries in a GHashTable more efficiently, use a GHashTableIter.

Parameters

hash_table

a GHashTable

 

Returns

a GList containing all the values inside the hash table. The content of the list is owned by the hash table and should not be modified or freed. Use g_list_free() when done using the list.

[transfer container]

Since: 2.14


g_hash_table_get_keys_as_array ()

gpointer *
g_hash_table_get_keys_as_array (GHashTable *hash_table,
                                guint *length);

Retrieves every key inside hash_table , as an array.

The returned array is NULL-terminated but may contain NULL as a key. Use length to determine the true length if it's possible that NULL was used as the value for a key.

Note: in the common case of a string-keyed GHashTable, the return value of this function can be conveniently cast to (const gchar **).

This iterates over every entry in the hash table to build its return value. To iterate over the entries in a GHashTable more efficiently, use a GHashTableIter.

You should always free the return result with g_free(). In the above-mentioned case of a string-keyed hash table, it may be appropriate to use g_strfreev() if you call g_hash_table_steal_all() first to transfer ownership of the keys.

Parameters

hash_table

a GHashTable

 

length

the length of the returned array.

[out]

Returns

a NULL-terminated array containing each key from the table.

[array length=length][transfer container]

Since: 2.40


GHRFunc ()

gboolean
(*GHRFunc) (gpointer key,
            gpointer value,
            gpointer user_data);

Specifies the type of the function passed to g_hash_table_foreach_remove(). It is called with each key/value pair, together with the user_data parameter passed to g_hash_table_foreach_remove(). It should return TRUE if the key/value pair should be removed from the GHashTable.

Parameters

key

a key

 

value

the value associated with the key

 

user_data

user data passed to g_hash_table_remove()

 

Returns

TRUE if the key/value pair should be removed from the GHashTable


g_hash_table_freeze()

#define             g_hash_table_freeze(hash_table)

g_hash_table_freeze is deprecated and should not be used in newly-written code.

This function is deprecated and will be removed in the next major release of GLib. It does nothing.

Parameters

hash_table

a GHashTable

 

g_hash_table_thaw()

#define             g_hash_table_thaw(hash_table)

g_hash_table_thaw is deprecated and should not be used in newly-written code.

This function is deprecated and will be removed in the next major release of GLib. It does nothing.

Parameters

hash_table

a GHashTable

 

g_hash_table_destroy ()

void
g_hash_table_destroy (GHashTable *hash_table);

Destroys all keys and values in the GHashTable and decrements its reference count by 1. If keys and/or values are dynamically allocated, you should either free them first or create the GHashTable with destroy notifiers using g_hash_table_new_full(). In the latter case the destroy functions you supplied will be called on all keys and values during the destruction phase.

Parameters

hash_table

a GHashTable

 

g_hash_table_ref ()

GHashTable *
g_hash_table_ref (GHashTable *hash_table);

Atomically increments the reference count of hash_table by one. This function is MT-safe and may be called from any thread.

Parameters

hash_table

a valid GHashTable

 

Returns

the passed in GHashTable

Since: 2.10


g_hash_table_unref ()

void
g_hash_table_unref (GHashTable *hash_table);

Atomically decrements the reference count of hash_table by one. If the reference count drops to 0, all keys and values will be destroyed, and all memory allocated by the hash table is released. This function is MT-safe and may be called from any thread.

Parameters

hash_table

a valid GHashTable

 

Since: 2.10


g_hash_table_iter_init ()

void
g_hash_table_iter_init (GHashTableIter *iter,
                        GHashTable *hash_table);

Initializes a key/value pair iterator and associates it with hash_table . Modifying the hash table after calling this function invalidates the returned iterator.

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GHashTableIter iter;
gpointer key, value;

g_hash_table_iter_init (&iter, hash_table);
while (g_hash_table_iter_next (&iter, &key, &value))
  {
    // do something with key and value
  }

Parameters

iter

an uninitialized GHashTableIter

 

hash_table

a GHashTable

 

Since: 2.16


g_hash_table_iter_next ()

gboolean
g_hash_table_iter_next (GHashTableIter *iter,
                        gpointer *key,
                        gpointer *value);

Advances iter and retrieves the key and/or value that are now pointed to as a result of this advancement. If FALSE is returned, key and value are not set, and the iterator becomes invalid.

Parameters

iter

an initialized GHashTableIter

 

key

a location to store the key.

[out][optional]

value

a location to store the value.

[out][nullable][optional]

Returns

FALSE if the end of the GHashTable has been reached.

Since: 2.16


g_hash_table_iter_get_hash_table ()

GHashTable *
g_hash_table_iter_get_hash_table (GHashTableIter *iter);

Returns the GHashTable associated with iter .

Parameters

iter

an initialized GHashTableIter

 

Returns

the GHashTable associated with iter .

Since: 2.16


g_hash_table_iter_replace ()

void
g_hash_table_iter_replace (GHashTableIter *iter,
                           gpointer value);

Replaces the value currently pointed to by the iterator from its associated GHashTable. Can only be called after g_hash_table_iter_next() returned TRUE.

If you supplied a value_destroy_func when creating the GHashTable, the old value is freed using that function.

Parameters

iter

an initialized GHashTableIter

 

value

the value to replace with

 

Since: 2.30


g_hash_table_iter_remove ()

void
g_hash_table_iter_remove (GHashTableIter *iter);

Removes the key/value pair currently pointed to by the iterator from its associated GHashTable. Can only be called after g_hash_table_iter_next() returned TRUE, and cannot be called more than once for the same key/value pair.

If the GHashTable was created using g_hash_table_new_full(), the key and value are freed using the supplied destroy functions, otherwise you have to make sure that any dynamically allocated values are freed yourself.

It is safe to continue iterating the GHashTable afterward:

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while (g_hash_table_iter_next (&iter, &key, &value))
  {
    if (condition)
      g_hash_table_iter_remove (&iter);
  }

Parameters

iter

an initialized GHashTableIter

 

Since: 2.16


g_hash_table_iter_steal ()

void
g_hash_table_iter_steal (GHashTableIter *iter);

Removes the key/value pair currently pointed to by the iterator from its associated GHashTable, without calling the key and value destroy functions. Can only be called after g_hash_table_iter_next() returned TRUE, and cannot be called more than once for the same key/value pair.

Parameters

iter

an initialized GHashTableIter

 

Since: 2.16


g_direct_equal ()

gboolean
g_direct_equal (gconstpointer v1,
                gconstpointer v2);

Compares two gpointer arguments and returns TRUE if they are equal. It can be passed to g_hash_table_new() as the key_equal_func parameter, when using opaque pointers compared by pointer value as keys in a GHashTable.

This equality function is also appropriate for keys that are integers stored in pointers, such as GINT_TO_POINTER (n).

Parameters

v1

a key.

[nullable]

v2

a key to compare with v1 .

[nullable]

Returns

TRUE if the two keys match.


g_direct_hash ()

guint
g_direct_hash (gconstpointer v);

Converts a gpointer to a hash value. It can be passed to g_hash_table_new() as the hash_func parameter, when using opaque pointers compared by pointer value as keys in a GHashTable.

This hash function is also appropriate for keys that are integers stored in pointers, such as GINT_TO_POINTER (n).

Parameters

v

a gpointer key.

[nullable]

Returns

a hash value corresponding to the key.


g_int_equal ()

gboolean
g_int_equal (gconstpointer v1,
             gconstpointer v2);

Compares the two gint values being pointed to and returns TRUE if they are equal. It can be passed to g_hash_table_new() as the key_equal_func parameter, when using non-NULL pointers to integers as keys in a GHashTable.

Note that this function acts on pointers to gint, not on gint directly: if your hash table's keys are of the form GINT_TO_POINTER (n), use g_direct_equal() instead.

Parameters

v1

a pointer to a gint key.

[not nullable]

v2

a pointer to a gint key to compare with v1 .

[not nullable]

Returns

TRUE if the two keys match.


g_int_hash ()

guint
g_int_hash (gconstpointer v);

Converts a pointer to a gint to a hash value. It can be passed to g_hash_table_new() as the hash_func parameter, when using non-NULL pointers to integer values as keys in a GHashTable.

Note that this function acts on pointers to gint, not on gint directly: if your hash table's keys are of the form GINT_TO_POINTER (n), use g_direct_hash() instead.

Parameters

v

a pointer to a gint key.

[not nullable]

Returns

a hash value corresponding to the key.


g_int64_equal ()

gboolean
g_int64_equal (gconstpointer v1,
               gconstpointer v2);

Compares the two gint64 values being pointed to and returns TRUE if they are equal. It can be passed to g_hash_table_new() as the key_equal_func parameter, when using non-NULL pointers to 64-bit integers as keys in a GHashTable.

Parameters

v1

a pointer to a gint64 key.

[not nullable]

v2

a pointer to a gint64 key to compare with v1 .

[not nullable]

Returns

TRUE if the two keys match.

Since: 2.22


g_int64_hash ()

guint
g_int64_hash (gconstpointer v);

Converts a pointer to a gint64 to a hash value.

It can be passed to g_hash_table_new() as the hash_func parameter, when using non-NULL pointers to 64-bit integer values as keys in a GHashTable.

Parameters

v

a pointer to a gint64 key.

[not nullable]

Returns

a hash value corresponding to the key.

Since: 2.22


g_double_equal ()

gboolean
g_double_equal (gconstpointer v1,
                gconstpointer v2);

Compares the two gdouble values being pointed to and returns TRUE if they are equal. It can be passed to g_hash_table_new() as the key_equal_func parameter, when using non-NULL pointers to doubles as keys in a GHashTable.

Parameters

v1

a pointer to a gdouble key.

[not nullable]

v2

a pointer to a gdouble key to compare with v1 .

[not nullable]

Returns

TRUE if the two keys match.

Since: 2.22


g_double_hash ()

guint
g_double_hash (gconstpointer v);

Converts a pointer to a gdouble to a hash value. It can be passed to g_hash_table_new() as the hash_func parameter, It can be passed to g_hash_table_new() as the hash_func parameter, when using non-NULL pointers to doubles as keys in a GHashTable.

Parameters

v

a pointer to a gdouble key.

[not nullable]

Returns

a hash value corresponding to the key.

Since: 2.22


g_str_equal ()

gboolean
g_str_equal (gconstpointer v1,
             gconstpointer v2);

Compares two strings for byte-by-byte equality and returns TRUE if they are equal. It can be passed to g_hash_table_new() as the key_equal_func parameter, when using non-NULL strings as keys in a GHashTable.

Note that this function is primarily meant as a hash table comparison function. For a general-purpose, NULL-safe string comparison function, see g_strcmp0().

Parameters

v1

a key.

[not nullable]

v2

a key to compare with v1 .

[not nullable]

Returns

TRUE if the two keys match


g_str_hash ()

guint
g_str_hash (gconstpointer v);

Converts a string to a hash value.

This function implements the widely used "djb" hash apparently posted by Daniel Bernstein to comp.lang.c some time ago. The 32 bit unsigned hash value starts at 5381 and for each byte 'c' in the string, is updated: hash = hash * 33 + c. This function uses the signed value of each byte.

It can be passed to g_hash_table_new() as the hash_func parameter, when using non-NULL strings as keys in a GHashTable.

Note that this function may not be a perfect fit for all use cases. For example, it produces some hash collisions with strings as short as 2.

Parameters

v

a string key.

[not nullable]

Returns

a hash value corresponding to the key

Types and Values

GHashTable

typedef struct _GHashTable GHashTable;

The GHashTable struct is an opaque data structure to represent a Hash Table. It should only be accessed via the following functions.


struct GHashTableIter

struct GHashTableIter {
};

A GHashTableIter structure represents an iterator that can be used to iterate over the elements of a GHashTable. GHashTableIter structures are typically allocated on the stack and then initialized with g_hash_table_iter_init().