Properties

Widgets and other objects have many useful properties. Here we show some ways to use them in new and flexible ways, by wrapping them in actions with Gio::PropertyAction or by binding them with Glib::Binding. (At the time of writing (october 2016) Gio::PropertyAction does not exist. We have to call a glib function directly.)

To set this up, we add two labels to the header bar in our window.ui file, named lines_label and lines, and get pointers to them in the application window's constructor, as we've seen a couple of times by now. We add a new "Lines" menu item to the gears menu, which triggers the show-lines action.

To make this menu item do something, we create a property action for the visible property of the lines label, and add it to the actions of the window. The effect of this is that the visibility of the label gets toggled every time the action is activated. Since we want both labels to appear and disappear together, we bind the visible property of the lines_label widget to the same property of the lines widget. In ExampleAppWindow's constructor:

add_action(Glib::wrap((GAction*)
  g_property_action_new("show-lines", m_lines->gobj(), "visible")));
m_binding_lines_visible = Glib::Binding::bind_property(m_lines->property_visible(),
  m_lines_label->property_visible());

We also need a function that counts the lines of the currently active tab, and updates the lines label. See the full source if you are interested in the details.

This brings our example application to this appearance:

Figure 31-8Properties

Source Code

File: exampleappprefs.h (For use with gtkmm 3, not gtkmm 2)

#include "../step5/exampleappprefs.h"
// Equal to the corresponding file in step5

File: exampleappwindow.h (For use with gtkmm 3, not gtkmm 2)

#ifndef GTKMM_EXAMPLEAPPWINDOW_H_
#define GTKMM_EXAMPLEAPPWINDOW_H_

#include <gtkmm.h>

class ExampleAppWindow : public Gtk::ApplicationWindow
{
public:
  ExampleAppWindow(BaseObjectType* cobject,
    const Glib::RefPtr<Gtk::Builder>& refBuilder);

  static ExampleAppWindow* create();

  void open_file_view(const Glib::RefPtr<Gio::File>& file);

protected:
  // Signal handlers
  void on_search_text_changed();
  void on_visible_child_changed();
  void on_find_word(const Gtk::Button* button);
  void on_reveal_child_changed();

  void update_words();
  void update_lines();

  Glib::RefPtr<Gtk::Builder> m_refBuilder;
  Glib::RefPtr<Gio::Settings> m_settings;
  Gtk::Stack* m_stack;
  Gtk::ToggleButton* m_search;
  Gtk::SearchBar* m_searchbar;
  Gtk::SearchEntry* m_searchentry;
  Gtk::MenuButton* m_gears;
  Gtk::Revealer* m_sidebar;
  Gtk::ListBox* m_words;
  Gtk::Label* m_lines;
  Gtk::Label* m_lines_label;
  Glib::RefPtr<Glib::Binding> m_binding_search_enabled;
  Glib::RefPtr<Glib::Binding> m_binding_lines_visible;
};

#endif /* GTKMM_EXAMPLEAPPWINDOW_H */

File: exampleapplication.h (For use with gtkmm 3, not gtkmm 2)

#include "../step4/exampleapplication.h"
// Equal to the corresponding file in step4

File: main.cc (For use with gtkmm 3, not gtkmm 2)

#include "../step5/main.cc"
// Equal to the corresponding file in step5

File: exampleappprefs.cc (For use with gtkmm 3, not gtkmm 2)

#include "../step5/exampleappprefs.cc"
// Equal to the corresponding file in step5

File: exampleapplication.cc (For use with gtkmm 3, not gtkmm 2)

#include "../step5/exampleapplication.cc"
// Equal to the corresponding file in step5

File: exampleappwindow.cc (For use with gtkmm 3, not gtkmm 2)

#include "exampleappwindow.h"
#include <iostream>
#include <stdexcept>
#include <set>

ExampleAppWindow::ExampleAppWindow(BaseObjectType* cobject,
  const Glib::RefPtr<Gtk::Builder>& refBuilder)
: Gtk::ApplicationWindow(cobject),
  m_refBuilder(refBuilder),
  m_settings(),
  m_stack(nullptr),
  m_search(nullptr),
  m_searchbar(nullptr),
  m_searchentry(nullptr),
  m_gears(nullptr),
  m_sidebar(nullptr),
  m_words(nullptr),
  m_lines(nullptr),
  m_lines_label(nullptr),
  m_binding_search_enabled(),
  m_binding_lines_visible()
{
  // Get widgets from the Gtk::Builder file.
  m_refBuilder->get_widget("stack", m_stack);
  if (!m_stack)
    throw std::runtime_error("No \"stack\" object in window.ui");

  m_refBuilder->get_widget("search", m_search);
  if (!m_search)
    throw std::runtime_error("No \"search\" object in window.ui");

  m_refBuilder->get_widget("searchbar", m_searchbar);
  if (!m_searchbar)
    throw std::runtime_error("No \"searchbar\" object in window.ui");

  m_refBuilder->get_widget("searchentry", m_searchentry);
  if (!m_searchentry)
    throw std::runtime_error("No \"searchentry\" object in window.ui");

  m_refBuilder->get_widget("gears", m_gears);
  if (!m_gears)
    throw std::runtime_error("No \"gears\" object in window.ui");

  m_refBuilder->get_widget("sidebar", m_sidebar);
  if (!m_sidebar)
    throw std::runtime_error("No \"sidebar\" object in window.ui");

  m_refBuilder->get_widget("words", m_words);
  if (!m_words)
    throw std::runtime_error("No \"words\" object in window.ui");

  m_refBuilder->get_widget("lines", m_lines);
  if (!m_lines)
    throw std::runtime_error("No \"lines\" object in window.ui");

  m_refBuilder->get_widget("lines_label", m_lines_label);
  if (!m_lines_label)
    throw std::runtime_error("No \"lines_label\" object in window.ui");

  // Bind settings.
  m_settings = Gio::Settings::create("org.gtkmm.exampleapp");
  m_settings->bind("transition", m_stack->property_transition_type());
  m_settings->bind("show-words", m_sidebar->property_reveal_child());

  // Bind properties of the search button to the search bar.
  m_binding_search_enabled = Glib::Binding::bind_property(m_search->property_active(),
    m_searchbar->property_search_mode_enabled(), Glib::BINDING_BIDIRECTIONAL);

  // Connect signal handlers.
  m_searchentry->signal_search_changed().connect(
    sigc::mem_fun(*this, &ExampleAppWindow::on_search_text_changed));
  m_stack->property_visible_child().signal_changed().connect(
    sigc::mem_fun(*this, &ExampleAppWindow::on_visible_child_changed));
  m_sidebar->property_reveal_child().signal_changed().connect(
    sigc::mem_fun(*this, &ExampleAppWindow::on_reveal_child_changed));

  // Connect the menu to the MenuButton m_gears, and bind the show-words setting
  // to the win.show-words action and the "Words" menu item.
  // (The connection between action and menu item is specified in gears_menu.ui.)
  auto menu_builder = Gtk::Builder::create_from_resource("/org/gtkmm/exampleapp/gears_menu.ui");
  auto object = menu_builder->get_object("menu");
  auto menu = Glib::RefPtr<Gio::MenuModel>::cast_dynamic(object);
  if (!menu)
    throw std::runtime_error("No \"menu\" object in gears_menu.ui");

  m_gears->set_menu_model(menu);
  add_action(m_settings->create_action("show-words"));

  // Bind the "visible" property of m_lines to the win.show-lines action, to
  // the "Lines" menu item and to the "visible" property of m_lines_label.
  // The GPropertyAction class is not wrapped in a glibmm class at the time of
  // writing (october 2016). We have to call a glib function directly.
  add_action(Glib::wrap((GAction*)
    g_property_action_new("show-lines", m_lines->gobj(), "visible")));
  m_binding_lines_visible = Glib::Binding::bind_property(m_lines->property_visible(),
    m_lines_label->property_visible());
}

//static
ExampleAppWindow* ExampleAppWindow::create()
{
  // Load the Builder file and instantiate its widgets.
  auto refBuilder = Gtk::Builder::create_from_resource("/org/gtkmm/exampleapp/window.ui");

  ExampleAppWindow* window = nullptr;
  refBuilder->get_widget_derived("app_window", window);
  if (!window)
    throw std::runtime_error("No \"app_window\" object in window.ui");

  return window;
}

void ExampleAppWindow::open_file_view(const Glib::RefPtr<Gio::File>& file)
{
  const auto basename = file->get_basename();

  auto scrolled = Gtk::manage(new Gtk::ScrolledWindow());
  scrolled->set_hexpand(true);
  scrolled->set_vexpand(true);
  scrolled->show();
  auto view = Gtk::manage(new Gtk::TextView());
  view->set_editable(false);
  view->set_cursor_visible(false);
  view->show();
  scrolled->add(*view);
  m_stack->add(*scrolled, basename, basename);

  auto buffer = view->get_buffer();
  try
  {
    char* contents = nullptr;
    gsize length = 0;
    
    file->load_contents(contents, length);
    buffer->set_text(contents, contents+length);
    g_free(contents);
  }
  catch (const Glib::Error& ex)
  {
    std::cout << "ExampleAppWindow::open_file_view(\"" << file->get_parse_name()
      << "\"):\n  " << ex.what() << std::endl;
    return;
  }

  auto tag = buffer->create_tag();
  m_settings->bind("font", tag->property_font());
  buffer->apply_tag(tag, buffer->begin(), buffer->end());

  m_search->set_sensitive(true);
  update_words();
  update_lines();
}

void ExampleAppWindow::on_search_text_changed()
{
  const auto text = m_searchentry->get_text();
  if (text.empty())
    return;

  auto tab = dynamic_cast<Gtk::ScrolledWindow*>(m_stack->get_visible_child());
  if (!tab)
  {
    std::cout << "ExampleAppWindow::on_search_text_changed(): No visible child." << std::endl;
    return;
  }

  auto view = dynamic_cast<Gtk::TextView*>(tab->get_child());
  if (!view)
  {
    std::cout << "ExampleAppWindow::on_search_text_changed(): No visible text view." << std::endl;
    return;
  }

  // Very simple-minded search implementation.
  auto buffer = view->get_buffer();
  Gtk::TextIter match_start;
  Gtk::TextIter match_end;
  if (buffer->begin().forward_search(text, Gtk::TEXT_SEARCH_CASE_INSENSITIVE,
      match_start, match_end))
  {
    buffer->select_range(match_start, match_end);
    view->scroll_to(match_start);
  }
}

void ExampleAppWindow::on_visible_child_changed()
{
  m_searchbar->set_search_mode(false);
  update_words();
  update_lines();  
}

void ExampleAppWindow::on_find_word(const Gtk::Button* button)
{
  m_searchentry->set_text(button->get_label());
}

void ExampleAppWindow::on_reveal_child_changed()
{
  update_words();
}

void ExampleAppWindow::update_words()
{
  auto tab = dynamic_cast<Gtk::ScrolledWindow*>(m_stack->get_visible_child());
  if (!tab)
    return;

  auto view = dynamic_cast<Gtk::TextView*>(tab->get_child());
  if (!view)
  {
    std::cout << "ExampleAppWindow::update_words(): No visible text view." << std::endl;
    return;
  }
  auto buffer = view->get_buffer();

  // Find all words in the text buffer.
  std::set<Glib::ustring> words;
  auto start = buffer->begin();
  Gtk::TextIter end;
  while (start)
  {
    while (start && !start.starts_word())
      ++start;

    if (!start)
      break;

    end = start;
    end.forward_word_end();
    if (start == end)
      break;

    auto word = buffer->get_text(start, end, false);
    words.insert(word.lowercase());
    start = end;
  }

  // Remove old children from the ListBox.
  auto old_children = m_words->get_children();
  for (auto child : old_children)
  {
    m_words->remove(*child);
    delete child;
  }

  // Add new child buttons, one per unique word.
  for (const auto& word : words)
  {
    auto row = Gtk::manage(new Gtk::Button(word));
    row->signal_clicked().connect(sigc::bind(sigc::mem_fun(*this,
      &ExampleAppWindow::on_find_word), row));
    row->show();
    m_words->add(*row);
  }
}

void ExampleAppWindow::update_lines()
{
  auto tab = dynamic_cast<Gtk::ScrolledWindow*>(m_stack->get_visible_child());
  if (!tab)
    return;

  auto view = dynamic_cast<Gtk::TextView*>(tab->get_child());
  if (!view)
  {
    std::cout << "ExampleAppWindow::update_lines(): No visible text view." << std::endl;
    return;
  }
  auto buffer = view->get_buffer();

  int count = 0;
  auto iter = buffer->begin();
  while (iter)
  {
    ++count;
    if (!iter.forward_line())
      break;
  }
  m_lines->set_text(Glib::ustring::format(count));
}

File: gears_menu.ui (For use with gtkmm 3, not gtkmm 2)

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<interface>
  <!-- interface-requires gtk+ 3.0 -->
  <menu id="menu">
    <section>
      <item>
        <attribute name="label" translatable="yes">_Words</attribute>
        <attribute name="action">win.show-words</attribute>
      </item>
      <item>
        <attribute name="label" translatable="yes">_Lines</attribute>
        <attribute name="action">win.show-lines</attribute>
      </item>
    </section>
  </menu>
</interface>

File: window.ui (For use with gtkmm 3, not gtkmm 2)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<interface>
  <!-- interface-requires gtk+ 3.8 -->
  <object class="GtkApplicationWindow" id="app_window">
    <property name="title" translatable="yes">Example Application</property>
    <property name="default-width">600</property>
    <property name="default-height">400</property>
    <child>
      <object class="GtkBox" id="content_box">
        <property name="visible">True</property>
        <property name="orientation">vertical</property>
        <child>
          <object class="GtkHeaderBar" id="header">
            <property name="visible">True</property>
            <child>
              <object class="GtkLabel" id="lines_label">
                <property name="visible">False</property>
                <property name="label" translatable="yes">Lines:</property>
              </object>
              <packing>
                <property name="pack-type">start</property>
              </packing>
            </child>
            <child>
              <object class="GtkLabel" id="lines">
                <property name="visible">False</property>
              </object>
              <packing>
                <property name="pack-type">start</property>
              </packing>
            </child>
            <child type="title">
              <object class="GtkStackSwitcher" id="tabs">
                <property name="visible">True</property>
                <property name="stack">stack</property>
              </object>
            </child>
            <child>
              <object class="GtkToggleButton" id="search">
                <property name="visible">True</property>
                <property name="sensitive">False</property>
                <style>
                  <class name="image-button"/>
                </style>
                <child>
                  <object class="GtkImage" id="search-icon">
                    <property name="visible">True</property>
                    <property name="icon-name">edit-find-symbolic</property>
                    <property name="icon-size">1</property>
                  </object>
                </child>
              </object>
              <packing>
                <property name="pack-type">end</property>
              </packing>
            </child>
            <child>
              <object class="GtkMenuButton" id="gears">
                <property name="visible">True</property>
                <property name="direction">none</property>
                <property name="use-popover">True</property>
                <style>
                  <class name="image-button"/>
                </style>
              </object>
              <packing>
                <property name="pack-type">end</property>
              </packing>
            </child>
          </object>
        </child>
        <child>
          <object class="GtkSearchBar" id="searchbar">
            <property name="visible">True</property>
            <child>
              <object class="GtkSearchEntry" id="searchentry">
                <property name="visible">True</property>
              </object>
            </child>
          </object>
        </child>
        <child>
          <object class="GtkBox" id="hbox">
            <property name="visible">True</property>
            <child>
              <object class="GtkRevealer" id="sidebar">
                <property name="visible">True</property>
                <property name="transition-type">slide-right</property>
                <child>
                 <object class="GtkScrolledWindow" id="sidebar-sw">
                   <property name="visible">True</property>
                   <property name="hscrollbar-policy">never</property>
                   <property name="vscrollbar-policy">automatic</property>
                   <child>
                     <object class="GtkListBox" id="words">
                       <property name="visible">True</property>
                       <property name="selection-mode">none</property>
                     </object>
                   </child>
                 </object>
                </child>
              </object>
            </child>
            <child>
              <object class="GtkStack" id="stack">
                <property name="visible">True</property>
                <property name="transition-duration">500</property>
              </object>
            </child>
          </object>
        </child>
      </object>
    </child>
  </object>
</interface>