Example

This example displays a window with three range widgets all connected to the same adjustment, along with a couple of controls for adjusting some of the parameters mentioned above and in the section on adjustments, so you can see how they affect the way these widgets work for the user.

Figure 6-1Range Widgets

Source Code

File: examplewindow.h (For use with gtkmm 3, not gtkmm 2)

#ifndef GTKMM_EXAMPLE_RANGEWIDGETS_H
#define GTKMM_EXAMPLE_RANGEWIDGETS_H

#include <gtkmm.h>

class ExampleWindow : public Gtk::Window
{
public:
  ExampleWindow();
  virtual ~ExampleWindow();

protected:
  //Signal handlers:
  void on_checkbutton_toggled();
  void on_combo_position();
  void on_adjustment1_value_changed();
  void on_adjustment2_value_changed();
  void on_button_quit();

  //Child widgets:
  Gtk::Box m_VBox_Top, m_VBox2, m_VBox_HScale;
  Gtk::Box m_HBox_Scales, m_HBox_Combo, m_HBox_Digits, m_HBox_PageSize;

  Glib::RefPtr<Gtk::Adjustment> m_adjustment, m_adjustment_digits, m_adjustment_pagesize;

  Gtk::Scale m_VScale;
  Gtk::Scale m_HScale, m_Scale_Digits, m_Scale_PageSize;

  Gtk::Separator m_Separator;

  Gtk::CheckButton m_CheckButton;

  Gtk::Scrollbar m_Scrollbar;

  //Tree model columns:
  class ModelColumns : public Gtk::TreeModel::ColumnRecord
  {
  public:

    ModelColumns()
    { add(m_col_position_type); add(m_col_title); }

    Gtk::TreeModelColumn<Gtk::PositionType> m_col_position_type;
    Gtk::TreeModelColumn<Glib::ustring> m_col_title;
  };

  ModelColumns m_Columns;

  //Child widgets:
  Gtk::ComboBox m_ComboBox_Position;
  Glib::RefPtr<Gtk::ListStore> m_refTreeModel;

  Gtk::Button m_Button_Quit;
};

#endif //GTKMM_EXAMPLE_RANGEWIDGETS_H

File: main.cc (For use with gtkmm 3, not gtkmm 2)

#include "examplewindow.h"
#include <gtkmm/application.h>

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
  auto app = Gtk::Application::create(argc, argv, "org.gtkmm.example");

  ExampleWindow window;

  //Shows the window and returns when it is closed.
  return app->run(window);
}

File: examplewindow.cc (For use with gtkmm 3, not gtkmm 2)

#include "examplewindow.h"
#include <iostream>

ExampleWindow::ExampleWindow()
:
  m_VBox_Top(Gtk::ORIENTATION_VERTICAL, 0),
  m_VBox2(Gtk::ORIENTATION_VERTICAL, 20),
  m_VBox_HScale(Gtk::ORIENTATION_VERTICAL, 10),
  m_HBox_Scales(Gtk::ORIENTATION_HORIZONTAL, 10),
  m_HBox_Combo(Gtk::ORIENTATION_HORIZONTAL, 10),
  m_HBox_Digits(Gtk::ORIENTATION_HORIZONTAL, 10),
  m_HBox_PageSize(Gtk::ORIENTATION_HORIZONTAL, 10),

  // Value, lower, upper, step_increment, page_increment, page_size:
  // Note that the page_size value only makes a difference for
  // scrollbar widgets, and the highest value you'll get is actually
  // (upper - page_size).
  m_adjustment( Gtk::Adjustment::create(0.0, 0.0, 101.0, 0.1, 1.0, 1.0) ),
  m_adjustment_digits( Gtk::Adjustment::create(1.0, 0.0, 5.0, 1.0, 2.0) ),
  m_adjustment_pagesize( Gtk::Adjustment::create(1.0, 1.0, 101.0) ),

  m_VScale(m_adjustment, Gtk::ORIENTATION_VERTICAL),
  m_HScale(m_adjustment, Gtk::ORIENTATION_HORIZONTAL),
  m_Scale_Digits(m_adjustment_digits),
  m_Scale_PageSize(m_adjustment_pagesize),

  // A checkbutton to control whether the value is displayed or not:
  m_CheckButton("Display value on scale widgets", 0),

  // Reuse the same adjustment again.
  // Notice how this causes the scales to always be updated
  // continuously when the scrollbar is moved.
  m_Scrollbar(m_adjustment),

  m_Button_Quit("Quit")
{
  set_title("range controls");
  set_default_size(300, 350);

  //VScale:
  m_VScale.set_digits(1);
  m_VScale.set_value_pos(Gtk::POS_TOP);
  m_VScale.set_draw_value();
  m_VScale.set_inverted(); // highest value at top

  //HScale:
  m_HScale.set_digits(1);
  m_HScale.set_value_pos(Gtk::POS_TOP);
  m_HScale.set_draw_value();

  add(m_VBox_Top);
  m_VBox_Top.pack_start(m_VBox2);
  m_VBox2.set_border_width(10);
  m_VBox2.pack_start(m_HBox_Scales);

  //Put VScale and HScale (above scrollbar) side-by-side.
  m_HBox_Scales.pack_start(m_VScale);
  m_HBox_Scales.pack_start(m_VBox_HScale);

  m_VBox_HScale.pack_start(m_HScale);

  //Scrollbar:
  m_VBox_HScale.pack_start(m_Scrollbar);

  //CheckButton:
  m_CheckButton.set_active();
  m_CheckButton.signal_toggled().connect( sigc::mem_fun(*this,
    &ExampleWindow::on_checkbutton_toggled) );
  m_VBox2.pack_start(m_CheckButton, Gtk::PACK_SHRINK);

  //Position ComboBox:
  //Create the Tree model:
  m_refTreeModel = Gtk::ListStore::create(m_Columns);
  m_ComboBox_Position.set_model(m_refTreeModel);
  m_ComboBox_Position.pack_start(m_Columns.m_col_title);

  //Fill the ComboBox's Tree Model:
  Gtk::TreeModel::Row row = *(m_refTreeModel->append());
  row[m_Columns.m_col_position_type] = Gtk::POS_TOP;
  row[m_Columns.m_col_title] = "Top";
  row = *(m_refTreeModel->append());
  row[m_Columns.m_col_position_type] = Gtk::POS_BOTTOM;
  row[m_Columns.m_col_title] = "Bottom";
  row = *(m_refTreeModel->append());
  row[m_Columns.m_col_position_type] = Gtk::POS_LEFT;
  row[m_Columns.m_col_title] = "Left";
  row = *(m_refTreeModel->append());
  row[m_Columns.m_col_position_type] = Gtk::POS_RIGHT;
  row[m_Columns.m_col_title] = "Right";

  m_VBox2.pack_start(m_HBox_Combo, Gtk::PACK_SHRINK);
  m_HBox_Combo.pack_start(
    *Gtk::manage(new Gtk::Label("Scale Value Position:", 0)), Gtk::PACK_SHRINK);
  m_HBox_Combo.pack_start(m_ComboBox_Position);
  m_ComboBox_Position.signal_changed().connect( sigc::mem_fun(*this, &ExampleWindow::on_combo_position) );
  m_ComboBox_Position.set_active(0); // Top

  //Digits:
  m_HBox_Digits.pack_start(
    *Gtk::manage(new Gtk::Label("Scale Digits:", 0)), Gtk::PACK_SHRINK);
  m_Scale_Digits.set_digits(0);
  m_adjustment_digits->signal_value_changed().connect(sigc::mem_fun(*this,
    &ExampleWindow::on_adjustment1_value_changed));
  m_HBox_Digits.pack_start(m_Scale_Digits);

  //Page Size:
  m_HBox_PageSize.pack_start(
    *Gtk::manage(new Gtk::Label("Scrollbar Page Size:", 0)),
    Gtk::PACK_SHRINK);
  m_Scale_PageSize.set_digits(0);
  m_adjustment_pagesize->signal_value_changed().connect(sigc::mem_fun(*this,
    &ExampleWindow::on_adjustment2_value_changed));
  m_HBox_PageSize.pack_start(m_Scale_PageSize);

  m_VBox2.pack_start(m_HBox_Digits, Gtk::PACK_SHRINK);
  m_VBox2.pack_start(m_HBox_PageSize, Gtk::PACK_SHRINK);
  m_VBox_Top.pack_start(m_Separator, Gtk::PACK_SHRINK);
  m_VBox_Top.pack_start(m_Button_Quit, Gtk::PACK_SHRINK);

  m_Button_Quit.set_can_default();
  m_Button_Quit.grab_default();
  m_Button_Quit.signal_clicked().connect(sigc::mem_fun(*this,
    &ExampleWindow::on_button_quit));
  m_Button_Quit.set_border_width(10);

  show_all_children();
}

ExampleWindow::~ExampleWindow()
{
}

void ExampleWindow::on_checkbutton_toggled()
{
  m_VScale.set_draw_value(m_CheckButton.get_active());
  m_HScale.set_draw_value(m_CheckButton.get_active());
}

void ExampleWindow::on_combo_position()
{
  Gtk::TreeModel::iterator iter = m_ComboBox_Position.get_active();
  if(!iter)
    return;

  Gtk::TreeModel::Row row = *iter;
  if(!row)
    return;

  const Gtk::PositionType postype = row[m_Columns.m_col_position_type];

  m_VScale.set_value_pos(postype);
  m_HScale.set_value_pos(postype);
}

void ExampleWindow::on_adjustment1_value_changed()
{
  const double val = m_adjustment_digits->get_value();
  m_VScale.set_digits((int)val);
  m_HScale.set_digits((int)val);
}

void ExampleWindow::on_adjustment2_value_changed()
{
  const double val = m_adjustment_pagesize->get_value();
  m_adjustment->set_page_size(val);
  m_adjustment->set_page_increment(val);

  // Note that we don't have to emit the "changed" signal
  // because gtkmm does this for us.
}

void ExampleWindow::on_button_quit()
{
  hide();
}