Module Set File Syntax

JHBuild uses XML files to describe the dependencies between modules. A RELAX-NG schema and Document Type Definition are included with JHBuild in the modulesets/ directory. The RELAX-NG schema can be used to edit module set files using nxml-mode in Emacs.

The top-level element in a module set file is moduleset element. No XML namespace is used. The elements below the top-level come in three types: module sources, include statements and module definitions.

Content in the moduleset file can be conditionally included by use of the <if> tag to surround the conditional content. It is currently only possible to predicate the inclusion on whether a particular condition flag is set or not, using <if condition-set='cond'> or <if condition-unset='cond'>. Conditions are set by default on a per-OS basis but can be influenced by way of the conditions variable in jhbuildrc or the --conditions= commandline argument.

7.1. Module Sources

Rather than listing the full location of every module, a number of "module sources" are listed in the module set, and then referenced by name in the module definitions. As well as reducing the amount of redundant information in the module set, it makes it easy for a user to specify an alternative source for those modules (for CVS and Subversion, it is common for developers and users to use different repository access methods).

The repository element is used to describe all types of repository. The branch element is used inside module definition to specify additional settings.

<repository name="name"
  type="type"
  [ default="default" ]
  [ password="password" ]
  [ cvsroot="cvsroot" ]
  [ archive="archive" ]
  [ href="href" ]
  [ server="server" ]
  [ database="database" ]
  [ defbranch="defbranch" ]
  [ trunk-template="trunk-template" ]
  [ branches-template="branches-template" ]
  [ tags-template="tags-template" ]
  [ developer-href-example="developer-href-example" ] />

The name attribute is a unique identifier for the repository.

The default attribute specifies whether this repository is the default source for this module set.

The type attribute specifies the type of repository. It can be one of: bzr, cvs, darcs, fossil, git, hg, mnt, svn, tarball. Other attributes depend on the type, as well as the branch used inside module definitions. Those are described below in the repository type sub-sections.

The developer-href-example attribute is used to specify the format of the URL for the repository used by developers. This is informational only.

The branch element is used inside module definitions.

<branch
  [ repo="repository" ]
  [ module="module name" ]
  [ checkoutdir="checkoutdir" ]
  [ revision="revision" ]
  [ tag="tag" ]
  [ update-new-dirs="update-new-dirs" ]
  [ override-checkoutdir="override-checkoutdir" ]
  [ subdir="subdir" ]
  [ branch="branch" ]
  [ version="version" ]
  [ size="size" ]
  [ source-subdir="source-subdir" ]
  [ hash="hash" ]/>

All atributes have sensible defaults and depend on the module and repository definitions. Common attributes are described here.

The repo attribute is used to specify non-default repository name.

The module attribute is used to specify module name to checkout from the repository. Defaults to module id.

The checkoutdir attribute is used to specify the checkout directory name. Defaults to module id.

Other attributes are described below

7.1.1. Bazaar

This repository type is used to define a Bazaar repository. It is recommended to have Bazaar 1.16 or higher.

<repository type="bzr" name="launchpad.net"
      href="lp:"/>
        

Additional attributes are: trunk-template (defaults to "%(module)s") and branches-template (defaults to "%(module)s/%(branch)s"). These attributes are used to specify templates for constructing URL. A branch element in the module definitions can specify branch and user attributes. These values will be substitued in the templates. If either of those are defined branches-template is used, otherwise trunk-template is used. This way you can ovveride repository to build modules from your personal branch or build many modules fron a repository with non-standard layout.

An addition branch element accepts revspec attibute to anchor on a particular revision. Any valid bzr revspec is accepted, for example date:yesterday, -5, tag:0.1 to get first revision since yesterday, 5 commits behind the tip or tag "0.1". See bzr help revisionspec for all possible values.

For example repository with template attributes defined:

<repository type="bzr" name="launchpad.net"
      href="lp:"
      trunk-template="~bzr-pqm/%(module)s/bzr.dev"
      branches-template="~bzr-pqm/%(module)s/%(branch)s"/>
        

Example branch elements for the above repository:

<branch repo="launchpad.net"
      module="bzr"
      checkoutdir="bzr-next"/>
        
<branch repo="launchpad.net"
      module="bzr"
      branch="2.2"
      checkoutdir="bzr-beta"/>
        

7.1.2. CVS

This repository type is used to define a CVS repository.

The password attribute is used to specify the password to the repository.

The cvsroot attribute is used to specify the root of the repository.

<repository type="cvs" name="tango.freedesktop.org"
    cvsroot=":pserver:anoncvs@anoncvs.freedesktop.org:/cvs/tango"
    password=""/>
        

Additional attributes are: revision, update-new-dirs and override-checkoutdir.

7.1.3. Darcs

This repository type is used to define a Darcs repository.

<repository type="darcs" name="telepathy.freedesktop.org"
      href="http://projects.collabora.co.uk/darcs/telepathy/"/>

7.1.4. Git

This repository type is used to define a Git repository.

<repository type="git" name="git.freedesktop.org"
    href="git://anongit.freedesktop.org/git/"/>
        

It allows the following attributes on the branch element:

The revision attribute is used to specify a local or remote-tracking branch to switch to in the update phase. It defaults to 'master'. It is possible to override this attribute with the branches configuration variable. The switch will only be performed, if the current branch is tracking a remote branch, to not disturb your own work.

The tag attribute is used to specify a revision to unconditionally check out in the update phase. It overrides the revision attribute.

<branch repo="git.freedesktop.org" module="swfdec/swfdec"
        checkoutdir="swfdec"
        revision="local-or-remote-branch"
        tag="tree-ish"/>
        

7.1.5. Mercurial

This repository type is used to define a Mercurial repository.

<repository type="hg" name="hg.gtk-vnc"
    href="http://gtk-vnc.codemonkey.ws/hg/" />
<branch repo="hg.gtk-vnc" module="outgoing.hg" checkoutdir="gtk-vnc"/>

7.1.6. Monotone

This repository type is used to define a Monotone repository.

The server attribute is used to specify the repository server.

The database attribute is used to specify the database to use for the repository.

The defbranch attribute is used specify the branch of the repository to use.

<repository type="mtn" name="pidgin.im"
    server="pidgin.im" database="pidgin.im.mtn"
    defbranch="im.pidgin.pidgin"/>

7.1.7. Subversion

This repository type is used to define a Subversion repository.

<repository type="svn" name="svn.gnome.org" default="yes"
    href="http://svn.gnome.org/svn/"/>
        

It allows a revision on the branch element. This attribute defines the branch to checkout or, if it is a number, a specific revision to checkout.

<branch revision="gnome-2-20"/>
        

It is possible to specify custom svn layout using trunk-template (defaults to "%(module)s/trunk"), branches-template (defaults to "%(module)s/branches/%(branch)s") and tags-template (defaults to "%(module)s/tags/%(tag)s")

7.1.8. System

This repository type is used to define a fake system repository. A system repository is required to create systemmodules.

<repository type="system" name="system"/>

7.1.9. Tarballs

This repository type is used to define a tarball repository.

<repository type="tarball" name="dbus/dbus-python"
    href="http://dbus.freedesktop.org/releases/dbus-python/"/>

It allows the following attributes on the branch element:

The module attribute specifies the file to download and compile, the version attribute specifies the module version.

The size and hash, as well as the obsolete md5sum, attributes are optional. If these attributes are present, they are used to check that the source package was downloaded correctly.

Any number of patch elements may be nested inside the branch element. These patches are applied, in order, to the source tree after unpacking. The file attribute gives the patch filename, and the strip attribute says how many levels of directories to prune when applying the patch.

For module sets shipped with JHBuild, the patch files are looked up in the jhbuild/patches/ directory; for module sets referred by URI, the patch files are looked for in the same directory as the moduleset file, or in its patches/ subdirectory. It is also possible for the file attribute to specify a URI, in which case it will be downloaded from that location.

<branch module="dbus-python-0.80.2.tar.gz" version="0.80.2"
    repo="dbus/dbus-python"
    hash="md5:2807bc85215c995bd595e01edd9d2077" size="453499">
  <patch file="dbus-glib-build.patch" strip="1" />
</branch>

A tarball branch element may also contain quilt elements which specify nested branch to import.

7.2. Including Other Module Sets

JHBuild allows one module set to include the contents of another by reference using the include element.

<include href="uri"/>

The href is a URI reference to the module set to be included, relative to the file containing the include element.

Only module definitions are imported from the referenced module set - module sources are not. Multiple levels of includes are allowed, but include loops are not (there isn't any code to handle loops at the moment).

7.3. Module Definitions

There are various types of module definitions that can be used in a module set file, and the list can easily be extended. Only the most common ones will be mentioned here.

They are all basically composed of a branch element describing how to get the module and dependencies, suggests and after elements to declare the dependencies of the module.

Any modules listed in the dependencies element will be added to the module list for jhbuild build if it isn't already included, and make sure the dependent modules are built first.

After generating the modules list, the modules listed in the suggests element will be used to further sort the modules list (although it will not pull any additional modules). This is intended for cases where a module has an optional dependency on another module.

7.3.1. autotools

The autotools element is used to define a module which is compiled using the GNU Autotools build system.

<autotools id="id"
	      [ autogenargs="autogenargs" ]
	      [ makeargs="makeargs" ]
	      [ makeinstallargs="makeinstallargs" ]
	      [ autogen-sh="autogen-sh" ]
	      [ makefile="makefile" ]
	      [ skip-autogen="skip-autogen" ]
	      [ skip-install="skip-install" ]
	      [ uninstall-before-install="uninstall-before-install" ]
	      [ autogen-template="autogen-template" ]
	      [ check-target="check-target" ]
	      [ supports-non-srcdir-builds="supports-non-srcdir-builds" ]
	      [ force-non-srcdir-builds="force-non-srcdir-builds" ]>

  <branch [ ... ] >
    [...]
  </branch>

  <dependencies>
    <dep package="modulename"/>
    ...
  </dependencies>
  <after>
    <dep package="modulename"/>
    ...
  </after>

</autotools>

The autogenargs and makeargs and makeinstallargs attributes are used to specify additional arguments to pass to autogen.sh, make and make install respectively.

The autogen-sh attribute specifies the name of the autogen.sh script to run. The value autoreconf can be used if your module has no autogen.sh script equivalent. In that case, JHBuild will run autoreconf -fi, followed by the proper configure. skip-autogen chooses whether or not to run autogen.sh, it is a boolean with an extra never value to tell JHBuild to never skip running autogen.sh. skip-install is a boolean attribute specifying whether to skip make install command on the module. makefile specifies the filename of the makefile to use.

The uninstall-before-install specifies any old installed files from the module should before removed before running the install step. This can be used to work around a problem where libtool tries to link one library it is installing against another library it is installing, but because of jhbuild's use of DESTDIR, finds the old installed library instead. The downside of specifying this is that it could cause problems if the user is currently running code that relies on installed files from the module.

The supports-non-srcdir-builds attribute is used to mark modules that can't be cleanly built using a separate source directory.

The force-non-srcdir-builds attribute is used to mark modules that can't be cleanly built from the source directory, but can be built from outside it.

The autogen-template attribute can be used if you need finer control over the autogen command line. It is a python format string, which will be substituted with the following variables: srcdir, autogen-sh, prefix, libdir, and autogenargs. For example, here is the default autogen-template:

%(srcdir)s/%(autogen-sh)s --prefix %(prefix)s --libdir %(libdir)s %(autogenargs)s

The check-target attribute must be specified (with false as value) for modules that do not have a make check target.

7.3.2. cmake

The cmake element is used to define a module which is built using the CMake build system.

<cmake id="modulename">
  <branch [ ... ] >
    [...]
  </branch>

  <dependencies>
    <dep package="modulename"/>
    ...
  </dependencies>
  <after>
    <dep package="modulename"/>
    ...
  </after>
</cmake>

7.3.3. distutils

The distutils element is used to define a module which is built using python's distutils

<distutils id="modulename"
            [ supports-non-srcdir-builds="yes|no" ]>
  <branch [ ... ] >
    [...]
  </branch>

  <dependencies>
    <dep package="modulename"/>
    ...
  </dependencies>
  <after>
    <dep package="modulename"/>
    ...
  </after>
</distutils>

7.3.4. linux

The linux element defines a module used to build a linux kernel. In addition, a separate kernel configuration can be chosen using the kconfig subelement.

<linux id="id"
	  [ makeargs="makeargs" ]>

  <branch [ ... ] >
    [...]
  </branch>

  <dependencies>
    <dep package="modulename"/>
    ...
  </dependencies>
  <after>
    <dep package="modulename"/>
    ...
  </after>

  <kconfig [ repo="repo" ]
	    version="version"
	    [ module="module" ]
	    [ config="config" ] />

</linux>

7.3.5. perl

The perl element is used to build perl modules.

The makeargs attribute is used to specify additional arguments to pass to make.

<perl id="modulename"
	 [ makeargs="makeargs" ]>

  <branch [ ... ] >
    [...]
  </branch>

  <dependencies>
    <dep package="modulename"/>
    ...
  </dependencies>
  <after>
    <dep package="modulename"/>
    ...
  </after>

</perl>

7.3.6. systemmodule

The systemmodule element is used to specify modules that must be provided by the system. The module should be installed by your distributions package management system.

<systemmodule id="modulename">
  <pkg-config>pkg-config.pc</pkg-config>

  <branch repo="system" version="version" />
</systemmodule>

If the system module does not provide a pkg-config file, systemdependencies tag can be used to identify the dependencies. Two values are supported by the type attribute of the dep tag:

  1. path value. The path is searched for the matching program name.

  2. c_include value. The C include path is searched for the matching header name. name may include a sub-directory. The C include search path can modified by setting CPPFLAGS within the configuration variables cflags or module_autogenargs.

<systemmodule id="modulename">
  <branch repo="system" version="version" />
  <systemdependencies>
    <dep type="path" name="executable-name" />
  </systemdependencies>
</systemmodule>

<systemmodule id="modulename">
  <branch repo="system" version="version" />
  <systemdependencies>
    <dep type="c_include" name="header-name" />
  </systemdependencies>
</systemmodule>

7.3.7. waf

The waf element is used to define a module which is built using the Waf build system.

The waf-command attribute is used to specify the waf command script to use; it defaults to waf.

The python-command attribute is used to specify the Python executable to use; it defaults to python. This is useful to build modules against version 3 of Python.

<waf id="modulename">
	 [ python-command="python-command" ]
	 [ waf-command="waf-command" ]>
  <branch [ ... ] >
    [...]
  </branch>

  <dependencies>
    <dep package="modulename"/>
    ...
  </dependencies>
  <after>
    <dep package="modulename"/>
    ...
  </after>
</waf>

7.3.8. testmodule

The testmodule element is used to create a module which runs a suite of tests using LDTP or Dogtail.

<testmodule id="id"
	       type="type">

  <branch [ ... ] >
    [...]
  </branch>

  <dependencies>
    <dep package="modulename"/>
    ...
  </dependencies>
  <after>
    <dep package="modulename"/>
    ...
  </after>

  <testedmodules>
    <tested package="package" />
  </testedmodules>

</testmodule>

The type attribute gives the type of tests to be run in the module. 'dogtail' uses python to invoke all .py files. 'ldtp' invokes 'ldtprunner run.xml'.

Unless the noxvfb configuration option is set, an Xvfb server is started to run the tests in

7.3.9. metamodule

The metamodule element defines a module that doesn't actually do anything. The only purpose of a module of this type is its dependencies.

For example, meta-gnome-desktop depends on all the key components of the GNOME desktop, therefore telling JHBuild to install it actually installs the full desktop.

<metamodule id="modulename">
  <dependencies>
    <dep package="modulename"/>
    ...
  </dependencies>
  <suggests>
    <dep package="modulename"/>
    ...
  </suggests>
</metamodule>

The id attribute gives the name of the module. The child elements are handled as for autotools.

7.4. Deprecated Elements

7.4.1. Module Sources

7.4.1.1. cvsroot

The cvsroot element is now deprecated - the repository element should be used instead.

The cvsroot element is used to describe a CVS repository.

  <cvsroot name="rootname"
           [ default="yes|no" ]
           root="anon-cvsroot"
           password="anon-password"/>

The name attribute should be a unique identifier for the CVS repository.

The default attribute says whether this is the default module source for this module set file.

The root attribute lists the CVS root used for anonymous access to this repository, and the password attribute gives the password used for anonymous access.

7.4.1.2. svnroot

The svnroot element is now deprecated - the repository element should be used instead.

The svnroot element is used to describe a Subversion repository.

  <svnroot name="rootname"
           [ default="yes|no" ]
           href="anon-svnroot"/>

The name attribute should be a unique identifier for the Subversion repository.

If default attribute says whether this is the default module source for this module set file.

The href attribute lists the base URL for the repository. This will probably be either a http, https or svn URL.

7.4.2. Deprecated Module Types

This section describes deprecated elements, they may still be used in existing module sets but it is advised not to use them anymore.

7.4.2.1. tarball

This deprecated element is just a thin wrapper around both autotools module type and tarball repository type.

The tarball element is used to define a module that is to be built from a tarball.

  <tarball id="modulename"
              [ version="version" ]
              [ checkourdir="checkoutdir" ]
              [ autogenargs="autogenargs" ]
              [ makeargs="makeargs" ]
              [ autogen-sh="autogen-sh" ]
              [ supports-non-srcdir-builds="yes|no" ]>
    <source href="source-url"
            [ size="source-size" ]
            [ hash="source-algo:source-hash" ]
            [ md5sum="source-md5sum" ]/>
    <patches>
      <patch file="filename" strip="level"/>
      ...
    </patches>
    <dependencies>
      <dep package="modulename"/>
      ...
    </dependencies>
    <suggests>
      <dep package="modulename"/>
      ...
    </suggests>
  </tarball>

The id and version attributes are used to identify the module.

The source element specifies the file to download and compile. The href attribute is mandatory, while the size and hash, as well as the obsolete md5sum, attributes are optional. If these last two attributes are present, they are used to check that the source package was downloaded correctly.

The patches element is used to specify one or more patches to apply to the source tree after unpacking, the file attribute gives the patch filename, and the strip attribute says how many levels of directories to prune when applying the patch.

For module sets shipped with JHBuild, the patch files are looked up in the jhbuild/patches/ directory; for module sets referred by URI, the patch files are looked for in the same directory as the moduleset file, or in its patches/ subdirectory. It is also possible for the file attribute to specify a URI, in which case it will be downloaded from that location.

The other attributes and the dependencies, suggests and after elements are processed as for autotools.